Morarji Bhai Desai was born on February 29, 1896 in Badeli village of Gujarat, India. Morarji Desai was brought up under conventional religious family who followed severe discipline. His Father worked as a school teacher. He completed his schooling from St. Busar high school. He completed his graduation from Wilson Civil Service in Mumbai. He also worked as a deputy collector for 12 years.
He campaigned convincingly throughout the country and was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Surat Constituency. He then was collectively elected as a Leader of Janata Party and owed as the Prime Minister of India on March 24, 1977
He grew under the atmosphere of orthodox religious upbringing and strict discipline. His father was a school teacher. Morarji Bhai did his schooling from St. Busar High School. He graduated from the Wilson Civil Service of the then Bombay Province in 1918 and worked as a Deputy Collector for about twelve years.
He worked as a Member of the All India Congress from 1931 and became a Secretary of Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee until 1937. In 1937, Morarji Bhai became Minister for Revenue, Agriculture, Forest and Co-operatives under the Ministry led by B.G. Kher. Morarji Bhai was imprisoned for taking part in the Satyagraha started by Gandhiji at this time and was released in October 1941. He got rearrested in August 1942 when he took part again in the Quit India Movement and was freed in 1945. Preceding the elections to the State Assemblies in 1946, Morarji Bhai became the Minister for Home and Revenue in Bombay. This made him very popular in 1952 and so he became the Chief Minister of Bombay Province. Morarji Bhai was signed up as a Minister for Commerce and Industry in the Union Government on November 14, 1956. He switched his ministerial portfolio to Finance on March 22, 1958.
Prime Ministership of Morarji Bhai Desai
The main achievements of Morarji Desai are that he improved relations with Pakistan which were derailed after 1971 war and refurbishment of political relations with China which received a slow down since the 1962 war. His chief donation was that his Government improved good faith in democracy. His Government cancelled some of the legislation approved during the emergency and made it hard for any future governments to impose emergency.
In 1979, Chaudhary Charan Singh withdrew from the Janata party and forced Morarji Bhai Desai to resign on July 15, 1979. Morarji Bhai not only left the post of a Prime Minister, but also retired from politics at the age of 83 years. He lived in the city of Mumbai and died at the age of 99 on April 10, 1995. As one examines lives of great men like Morarji Bhai Desai who held ethics and principles as guidelines of their public lives.